Emergency Preparedness

Emergency preparedness process begins with identification of credible scenarios for which appropriate response strategies are developed. The analysis of resources and capabilities of facilities to respond to the emergency scenarios is part of the preparedness stage. This analysis examines the resources and the capabilities at the facilities, at neighbor sites, and the resources that are available at the local community. The development of resources is conducted according to the resources assessment and the potential of cooperation among site emergency responders, neighboring facilities, and neighboring communities.
At least three separate parties are involved in emergency situations, in addition to the network within the facility. Therefore, communication systems are crucial to successful execution of emergency plans in real time situations as well as in drills. The complex nature of emergency events requires a very clear hierarchy of command, and a procedure without any ambiguities. It is extremely important that every position in the hierarchy is assigned to personnel with the appropriate skills and personality. Training and assessment of the potential collaboration among these three groups is also extremely important. It is not uncommon for preparedness programs to be revised based on assessments of drill results.
Emergency systems are developed in parallel with the development of physical facilities. The list below consists of typical items in emergency systems; however, it can vary according to special circumstances:
    1. Emergency power supply
    2. Emergency water supply
    3. Communication systems
    4. Emergency management computer support system
    5. Site and community alert systems
    6. Adequate incident command transportation
    7. Appropriate control room protection measures
    Reference: Occupational Safety and Health Standard. Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals. Alaska Department of Labor and Workforce Development
    Management/Emergency Planing and Response/Emergency Response