Installation Procedures

Codes and standards are generally not specific in addressing the field installation of equipment. Planning on the part of construction management personnel is necessary to develop adequate quality control systems to ensure that equipment is installed according to design specifications and equipment manufacturers’ instructions. According to Kletz, a majority of piping failures are caused by a combination of unsatisfactory design, construction not according to design, or poor execution of work not covered by standards and left to the discretion of the constructor.
Equipment installation jobs should be planned, and all critical steps and important verifications identified. Construction and maintenance personnel should be responsible for assuring that planning is done, and that workers assigned to the job understand its critical elements.
Typical construction project will have a number of field inspectors who check for such items as proper documentation. For projects involving PMI requirements, additional control of materials of construction is necessary.
Reference: CCPS(1989) Guidelines for Technical Management of Chemical Process Safety

Management/Mechanical Integrity/Maintenance Procedures