Near Miss Reporting

It is important to note that the same causes and modes of failure are present in both major incidents and near-misses. This means that as many lessons can be learned from near-misses as any other kind of incidents. The circumstances surrounding all near-misses should be reported and recorded. While it may not be feasible to investigate every near-miss in the same depth as major incidents, at least some near-misses merit substantial investigation.
Reporting of near misses is necessary so that a decision can be made as to the depth of investigation needed. As in the case of incident reporting, management should create an atmosphere in which near-miss reporting is encouraged, rather than seen as an opportunity to assign blame. Near-misses should then be analyzed to explore ways in which process safety management systems can b improved. Recording of near0mmisses allows lessons learned to be preserved for future benefit.
Reference: CCPS(1989) Guidelines for Technical Management of Chemical Process Safety

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