Resilience can be defined as the ability that a system has in order to adapt well when there is a disruptive event, recovering its functions within a suitable time and at reasonable cost.

In the process safety area, the resilience of the system has an important role in the reduction of the risks associated with internal or external disruptions. A more resilient system will respond better to those deviations and still will maintain its main functions.


–          Hosseini, S., et al. (2016). “A review of definitions and measures of system resilience.” Reliability Engineering & System Safety 145: 47-61.

–          Vugrin E., et al. (2010).”A framework for assessing the resilience of infrastructure and economic systems.” In: Gopalakrishnan K, Peeta S, editors. Sustainable infrastructure systems: simulation, modeling, and intelligent engineering. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, Inc.

–          American Psychological Association Website: [Retrieved 10/01/2015]

Management/Process Safety Information and Knowledge/Operational Data