Site and Plant Layout

The most important feature of siting is the distance between the site and build-up areas. Sites range from rural to urban, with population densities varying from virtually zero to high. Separation between a hazard and the public is beneficial in mitigating the effects of a major accident. An area of low population density around the site will help to reduce casualties.
Plant layout is a crucial factor in the economics and safety of process plant. Additional space tends to increase safety, but is expensive in terms of land and also in additional pipework and operating costs. Space needs to be provided where it is necessary for safety, but not wasted.
Reference: Lees’ Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, Third Edition
Technical Tools/Facilities/Plant Layout